Bringing peace to mankind is the duty of the young.
Define young as lacking the comprehension of the word ‘futile.’
I love my daughter’s so innocent search.
Actually, she’s finding it.
Finding peace within.
Her auto driving a shocking example, from a speedster to a planner, allotting plenty of time to get to her destination on all four wheels. Peacefully. Brava, Katherine.
Watching our children examine futility is the honor we parents have thoroughly earned.
So what you ask? So today’s post is from my daughter, sharing her experience as she achieves certification as a yoga instructor.
Today is Saturday, August 25
This is my 137th consecutive daily posting.
Time is … and Weather
Today’s dinner is…
Who wrote the Yoga Sutras and the Mahābhāṣya?
Find the answer just before today’s Post below.
Give yourself partial credits for partial answers.
Patañjali is a proper Indian name.
Several important ancient Sanskrit works are ascribed to one or more authors of this name, and a great deal of scholarship has been devoted over the last century or so to the issue of disambiguation.
Amongst the more important authors called Patañjali are:
The author of the Mahābhāṣya, an ancient treatise on Sanskrit grammar and linguistics, based on the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini.
This Patañjali's life is dated to mid 2nd century BCE by both Western and Indian scholars.
This text was titled as a bhasya or "commentary" on Katyayana-Panini's work by Patanjali, but is so revered in the Hindu traditions that it is widely known simply as Maha-bhasya or "Great commentary".
So vigorous, well-reasoned and vast is his text, that this Patanjali has been the authority as the last grammarian of classical Sanskrit for 2,000 years, with Panini and Katyayana preceding him. Their ideas on structure, grammar and philosophy of language have also influenced scholars of other Indian religions such as Buddhism and Jainism.
The compiler of the Yoga sūtras, a text on Yoga theory and practice, and a notable scholar of Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy.
He is variously estimated to have lived between 2nd century BCE to 4th century CE, with more scholars accepting dates between 2nd and 4th century CE.
The Yogasutras is one of the most important texts in the Hindu tradition and the foundation of classical Yoga.
It is the Indian Yoga text that was most translated in its medieval era into forty Indian languages.
Also, the third chapter is the basis for the TM-Sidhis.
The author of a medical text called Patanjalatantra.
He is cited and this text is quoted in many medieval health sciences-related texts, and Patanjali is called a medical authority in a number of Sanskrit texts such as Yogaratnakara, Yogaratnasamuccaya and Padarthavijnana.
There is a fourth Hindu scholar also named Patanjali, who likely lived in 8th-century CE and wrote a commentary on Charaka Samhita and this text is called Carakavarttika.
According to some modern era Indian scholars such as P.V. Sharma, the two medical scholars named Patanjali may be the same person, but completely different person from the Patanjali who wrote the Sanskrit grammar classic Mahabhasya.
Patanjali is one of the 18 siddhars in the Tamil siddha (Saiva) tradition.
Thank you, Wikipedia
Groundhog Day is a 1993 American comedy film directed by Harold Ramis and written by Ramis and Danny Rubin.
It stars Bill Murray as Phil Connors, a TV weatherman who, during an assignment covering the annual Groundhog Day event, is caught in a time loop, repeating the same day repeatedly. Andie MacDowell and Chris Elliott co-star.
Groundhog Day was a modest success on release and garnered generally positive reviews. It later attracted critical acclaim and is often included in lists of the best comedy films.
The term "groundhog day" is now used to describe a recurring situation in government and military arenas.
In 2006, the film was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."
Weatherman Phil Connors reassures Pittsburgh viewers that an approaching blizzard will miss western Pennsylvania.
He goes with news producer Rita Hanson and cameraman Larry to Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to cover the Groundhog Day festivities.
Phil makes no secret of his contempt for the assignment, the small town, and the "hicks" who live there.
The yoga? Egoism ( asmita ) makes us miserable and separates us from others
The next day, Phil awakens at his Punxsutawney bed and breakfast to Sonny & Cher's "I Got You Babe" on the clock radio.
He tapes a half-hearted report on Punxsutawney Phil and the town's festivities.
Rita wants to stay and cover other events, but Phil wants to return to Pittsburgh.
The blizzard blankets the region in snow, stranding them in Punxsutawney. Phil shuns the celebrations and retires to bed early.
Phil wakes to "I Got You Babe" and the same announcement from the radio, and discovers the day's events repeating exactly.
Phil relives the day and returns to bed, assuming it was a dream, but it is still Groundhog Day when he wakes: he is trapped in a time loop that no one else is aware of.
Realizing there are no consequences for his actions, he spends the first several loops indulging in binge drinking, one-night stands, and reckless driving.
He becomes depressed and commits suicide several times, but does not escape the loop.
Phil tries to explain his situation to Rita, for whom he has feelings, by accurately predicting the day's events.
Rita sympathizes and they spend the entirety of one loop together, but Phil wakes up alone as usual.
He decides to use his knowledge of the day's events to better himself and the lives of others; he learns how to play the piano, sculpt ice, and speak French, but is unable to prevent the death of a homeless man.
During one loop, Phil enthusiastically reports the Groundhog Day festivities, amazing Rita.
They spend the rest of the day together, with Phil impressing her with his apparent overnight transformation and charitable deeds.
She successfully bids for Phil at a charity bachelor auction. Phil makes an ice sculpture of Rita's face, and tells her that no matter what happens, even if he is doomed to continue awakening alone each morning forever, he wants her to know that he is finally happy, because he loves her.
He’s overcome his selfishness and his ego
They retire together to Phil's lodgings. Phil wakes to "I Got You Babe" again, but finds Rita is still in bed with him; he has escaped the time loop.
It's only when his actions become truly selfless that his cynicism and ego disappear that he finally stops reliving the same day.
The Bhagavad-Gita : "To work alone you are entitled, never to its fruit ."
Thank you, Wikipedia
Note that the yoga commentary was inserted by the Web Meister, tweaking the wiki article.
Word of the Day
refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man", oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
emphasizes on subjective experience of a sacred dimension and the "deepest values and meanings by which people live", often in a context separate from organized religious institutions.
Modern systems of spirituality may include a belief in a supernatural (beyond the known and observable) realm, personal growth, a quest for an ultimate or sacred meaning, religious experience, or an encounter with one's own "inner dimension".
The meaning of spirituality has developed and expanded over time, and various connotations can be found alongside each other.
The term "spirituality" originally developed within early Christianity, referring to a life oriented toward the Holy Spirit.
During late medieval times the meaning broadened to include mental aspects of life, while in modern times the term both spread to other religious traditions and broadened to refer to a wider range of experience, including a range of esoteric traditions.
Answer for Encyclopediacs
Whether the two works, the Yoga Sutras and the Mahābhāṣya, are by the same author has been the subject of considerable debate.
The authorship of the two is first attributed to the same person in Bhojadeva's Rajamartanda, a relatively late (10th century) commentary on the Yoga Sutras, as well as several subsequent texts.
As for the texts themselves, the Yoga Sutra iii.44 cites a sutra as that from Patanjali by name, but this line itself is not from the Mahābhāṣya.
This 10th-century legend of single-authorship is doubtful.
The literary styles and contents of the Yogasūtras and the Mahābhāṣya are entirely different, and the only work on medicine attributed to Patañjali is lost.
Sources of doubt include the lack of cross-references between the texts, and no mutual awareness of each other, unlike other cases of multiple works by (later) Sanskrit authors.
Also, some elements in the Yoga Sutras may date from as late as the 4th century AD, but such changes may be due to divergent authorship, or due to later additions which are not atypical in the oral tradition.
Most scholars refer to both works as "by Patanjali", without meaning that they are by the same author.
In addition to the Mahābhāṣya and Yoga Sūtras, the 11th-century commentary on Charaka by the Bengali scholar Cakrapāṇidatta, and the 16th-century text Patanjalicarita ascribes to Patañjali a medical text called the Carakapratisaṃskṛtaḥ (now lost) which is apparently a revision (pratisaṃskṛtaḥ) of the medical treatise by Caraka.
While there is a short treatise on yoga in the medical work called the Carakasaṃhitā (by Caraka), towards the end of the chapter called śārīrasthāna, it is notable for not bearing much resemblance to the Yoga Sūtras, and in fact presents a form of eightfold yoga that is completely different from that laid out by Patañjali in the Yoga Sūtras and the commentary Yogasūtrabhāṣya.
What is yoga and why do I practice it?
Yoga is my opportunity to restart. To wipe my mind and cleanse my body. To humble myself. Yoga is the practice that keeps me rooted and sane. It prevents the various toxins of life from polluting my consciousness. Yoga is the practice of humility through mind and bodily growth.
I, like most regular yoga practicers, came to the practice looking for something else than my regular routine offered me. Not out of complete discontent, but out of an interest to understand life a little bit deeper. Along my almost two-year journey as a student, a handful of teachers made an incredible impression on my practice. Such folks made my vision of practice and my space in life a little clearer. Someday, I hope to do the same for someone else. I came to yoga because of two factors.
1) It’s easy to get tangled in the small daily stresses. Running late for an appointment. Phone dying. Dinner costing more than expected. These inevitable occurrences can occupy our thoughts and form into a state of mind. Yoga, however, forces the individual to be present in the moment of practice. A moment that is always beneficial to the body and soul. Yoga reminds the practicers just how trivial simple headaches can be, and how powerful it can be to let them go.
2) By challenging one’s body by only using calisthenics allows for an impressive recognition of and respect for the body we reside in. Poses and their various levels of difficulty permit the yogi to set tangible goals for herself and achieving such checkpoints in one’s practice is awesome proof of growth and sustainability. Seconds after leaving your mat, one feels the awesome proof of the benefits of yoga.