Cold. From uncomfortable to near death.  Out In The Cold, Léon Bazille Perrault Léon Bazille Perrault - http://palgraphicsarea.blogspot.com

Cold.
From uncomfortable to near death.

Out In The Cold, Léon Bazille Perrault
Léon Bazille Perrault - http://palgraphicsarea.blogspot.com

Is there anything more relative than cold.
“I’m cold.”
“Cold? How can you be cold? You have the heat set at 78*? There must be something wrong with you.”

And perhaps there is.
But the truth remains that if someone is cold, they need to be made warmer.

A hot shower.
An extra layer of clothes.
A fireplace.
Yes. I do love a fireplace.
That great wood-burning, dancing, mesmerizing, compelling spot in the home.

The weatherperson says, “Cold, today,” or “Windy,” or “Seasonal.”
But how long are we outdoors?
How warmly are we dressed?
How well are we?

Are we cold?
We, only, know if we’re cold.



_____________________________________________
Tagging Today
Monday, November 19, 2018
My 221st consecutive posting.
Time is 12.01am.
Boston’s temperature will reach a high of 46* and it will be mostly cloudy with some rain.

Dinner is perhaps a hamburger at the Four Season Hotel.
__________________________
Question of the Day:
What is cold?

Hints:

Left:
An iceberg, which is commonly associated with cold.
More likely, today, associated with global warming.
Georges Nijs from Diepenbeek, Belgium - Nature Antarctica 20

Second from left:
Signal "cold"
Sergey Dukachev & Alex Zelenin - Nikon coolpix

Second from right:
Goose bumps, a common physiological response to cold, aiming to reduce the loss of body heat in a cold environment.
EverJean - Flickr 

Right:
A photograph of the snow surface at Dome C Station, Antarctica
a part of the notoriously cold Polar Plateau,
it is representative of the majority of the continent's surface
Stephen Hudson - Own work

Zimmermannsches Caffeehaus , 1700s  I downloaded the English language version and it is a lot of fun.

Zimmermannsches Caffeehaus, 1700s

I downloaded the English language version and it is a lot of fun.

_______________________________

Love your notes.
Contact me @ domcapossela@hotmail.com

Jim Pasto sends this on coffee:

your post today reminded me...

Of Bach’s “Coffee Cantata”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schweigt_stille,_plaudert_nicht,_BWV_211  

Here is an English language version: https://youtu.be/J3xRiwBkDGM

_________________
James S. Pasto, Ph.D.
Boston University

Of Bach’s “Coffee Cantata”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schweigt_stille,_plaudert_nicht,_BWV_211  

Here is an English language version: https://youtu.be/J3xRiwBkDGM


Web Meister Responds: This is terrific, Jim. We thank you.
I copied and pasted the following piece from your first link to save the bloggers a step,
but the 13 minute English-language performance on the second link is terrific.

We thank you.
The first link:

Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht (Be still, stop chattering), BWV 211, also known as the Coffee Cantata, is a secular cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach.
He composed it probably between 1732 and 1735.
Although classified as a cantata, it is essentially a miniature comic opera.
In a satirical commentary, the cantata amusingly tells of an addiction to coffee.

Bach regularly directed a musical ensemble based at Zimmermann's coffee house called a collegium musicum, founded by Georg Philipp Telemann in 1702.
The libretto suggests that some people in eighteenth-century Germany viewed coffee drinking as a bad habit.
However, the work is likely to have been first performed at the coffee house in Leipzig.

The cantata's libretto (written by Christian Friedrich Henrici, known as Picander), features lines like "If I couldn't, three times a day, be allowed to drink my little cup of coffee, in my anguish I will turn into a shriveled-up roast goat"

Bach wrote no operas: the cantata was written for concert performance, but is frequently performed today fully staged with costumes.

 
_____________________________
Answer to Question of Day:
What is cold?
_____________________________
Answer to Question of Day: (Wikipedia, made a touch more readable)
What is cold?
Cold is the presence of low temperature, especially in the atmosphere.
In common usage, cold is often a subjective perception.

A lower bound to temperature is absolute zero, defined as 0.00 K on the Kelvin scale, an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale.
This corresponds to −273.15 °C on the Celsius scale, −459.67 °F on the Fahrenheit scale, and 0.00 °R on the Rankine scale.

Since temperature relates to the thermal energy held by an object or a sample of matter, which is the kinetic energy of the random motion of the particle constituents of matter, an object will have less thermal energy when it is colder and more when it is hotter.
If it were possible to cool a system to absolute zero, all motion of the particles in a sample of matter would cease and they would be at complete rest in this classical sense.
The object would be described as having zero thermal energy.
Microscopically in the description of quantum mechanics, however, matter still has zero-point energy even at absolute zero, because of the uncertainty principle.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado using a new technique, managed to chill a microscopic mechanical drum to 360 microkelvins, making it the coldest object on record. Theoretically, using this technique, an object could be cooled to absolute zero.

The coldest known temperature ever achieved is a state of matter called the Bose–Einstein condensate which was first theorized to exist by Satyendra Nath Bose in 1924 and first created by Eric Cornell, Carl Wieman, and co-workers at JILA on 5 June 1995.
They did this by cooling a dilute vapor consisting of approximately two thousand rubidium-87 atoms to below 170 nK (one nK or nanokelvin is a billionth (10−9) of a kelvin) using a combination of laser cooling (a technique that won its inventors Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, and William D. Phillips the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics) and magnetic evaporative cooling.

Notable cold locations and objects:

The Boomerang Nebula is the coldest known natural location in the universe, with a temperature that is estimated at 1 K (−272.15 °C/−457.87 °F).

The Boomerang Nebula is the coldest known natural location in the universe, with a temperature that is estimated at 1 K (−272.15 °C/−457.87 °F).

Neptune's moon Triton has a surface temperature of −235 °C (−391 °F)

Neptune's moon Triton has a surface temperature of −235 °C (−391 °F)

The coldest continent on Earth is Antarctica. Jason Auch - originally posted to Flickr as IMG_0760

The coldest continent on Earth is Antarctica.
Jason Auch - originally posted to Flickr as IMG_0760

Cold deserts of the Himalayas are a feature of a rain-shadow zone created by the mountain peaks of the Himalaya range that runs from Pamir Knot extending to the southern border of the Tibetan plateau; however this mountain range is also the reason for the monsoon rain fall in the Indian subcontinent.  This zone is located in an elevation of about 3,000 m, and covers Ladakh, Lahaul, Spiti and Pooh. In addition, there are inner valleys within the main Himalayas such as Chamoli, some areas of Kinnaur, Pithoragarh and northern Sikkim which are also categorized as cold deserts.

Cold deserts of the Himalayas are a feature of a rain-shadow zone created by the mountain peaks of the Himalaya range that runs from Pamir Knot extending to the southern border of the Tibetan plateau; however this mountain range is also the reason for the monsoon rain fall in the Indian subcontinent.
This zone is located in an elevation of about 3,000 m, and covers Ladakh, Lahaul, Spiti and Pooh. In addition, there are inner valleys within the main Himalayas such as Chamoli, some areas of Kinnaur, Pithoragarh and northern Sikkim which are also categorized as cold deserts.

Ascending inclined ice formations. Ice climbing.

Ascending inclined ice formations.
Ice climbing.

Jupiter with a black-body temperature of 110.0 K (−163.2 °C, −261.67 °F).

Jupiter with a black-body temperature of 110.0 K (−163.2 °C, −261.67 °F).

The coldest place on Earth is the Antarctic Plateau, an area of Antarctica around the South Pole that has an altitude of around 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).  The lowest reliably measured temperature on Earth of 183.9 K (−89.2 °C, −128.6 °F) was recorded there at Vostok Station on 21 July 1983. The Poles of Cold are the places in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres where the lowest air temperatures have been recorded.  The cold deserts of the North Pole, known as the tundra region, experiences an annual snow fall of a few inches and temperatures recorded are as low as −94 °F (−70 °C). Only a few small plants survive in the generally frozen ground (thaws only for a short spell).  The high, flat, and cold environment of the Antarctic Plateau at  Dome C  Stephen Hudson - Own work

The coldest place on Earth is the Antarctic Plateau, an area of Antarctica around the South Pole that has an altitude of around 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).
The lowest reliably measured temperature on Earth of 183.9 K (−89.2 °C, −128.6 °F) was recorded there at Vostok Station on 21 July 1983.
The Poles of Cold are the places in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres where the lowest air temperatures have been recorded.

The cold deserts of the North Pole, known as the tundra region, experiences an annual snow fall of a few inches and temperatures recorded are as low as −94 °F (−70 °C). Only a few small plants survive in the generally frozen ground (thaws only for a short spell).

The high, flat, and cold environment of the Antarctic Plateau at Dome C
Stephen Hudson - Own work

One day I’m going to open that bag. Not today, however.

One day I’m going to open that bag.
Not today, however.

 __________________________________
Good morning on this Monday, November 19
We talked about cold and we talked about coffee and looked at a lot of images.

Che vuoi? Le pocketbook?

See you soon.
Love
Dom